Speaking in Turkic language Balkars are one of the most
high-mountainous peoples of the Planet. According to different data from 80 up to 100 thousand of Balkars live in Russia. Balkars live in remote gorges of Northern Caucasus. The basic employment is cattle breeding. They are Moslems on creed. Balkars earn money selling meat and self-made wool clothes. In 1944 all Balkars has been deported to Kirghizia: such way Stalin has
punished the people for cooperation ostensibly having place with Nazy occupational regime. Balkars has returned from the exile in 1957. A part of Balkar people till now live in Kazakhstan and Kirghizia. Balkaria administratively are part of the Kabardino-Balkarian autonomous republic.